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Waiting for Dignity: Legitimacy and Authority in Afghanistan

Waiting for Dignity investigates the composition of legitimacy and authority in Afghanistan, confronting common assumptions of how to ‘build legitimacy’ in conflict zones by delivering services, holding elections or adopting traditional institutions. The book rests on more than 250 interviews conducted in the course of extensive research in Afghanistan.

The Routledge Handbook of Smuggling
with co-editor Max Gallien, IDS

This book aims to provide a systematic introduction and comprehensive mapping of research on smuggling. While research on smuggling had been produced in various disciplines and geographic sub-fields, these strands of research are frequently un-connected. We aim to both provide an entrance and reference for new scholars of the field and a point of connection and new perspective even for established researchers.

Money, Power, Respect: The Role of Legitimacy in Modes of Insurgent Financing
with Ashley Jackson, King’s College London

The project looks at insurgent governance and explores the political dimensions of revenue generation. In particular it investigates how different modes of generating revenue affect the legitimacy of armed groups. The project rests on extensive field research conducted on insurgencies in different Asian countries.

Bandits & Bureaucrats: How States Shape Smuggling Routes
with Max Gallien, LSE

This project explores the role of the state in the context of cross-border smuggling. It investigates the trade-offs that smuggling networks face in choosing between trading goods through regular points of entries such as ports and border crossings, or irregular maritime and ‘green’ borders. From this, the project investigates how the relationships with state agents, the type of goods transported as well as the wider enforcement environment affects networks’ choices of routes. In addition, the project contrasts the relationship between smuggling networks and states with smugglers’ interaction with non-state armed groups that operate in the borderlands. The project draws on extensive qualitative primary research in North Africa and Southeast Asia.

David vs Goliath: Local Resistance to International Interventions in Conflict Zones
with Birte J. Gippert, University of Liverpool

A simple, homebuilt improvised explosive device can be enough to injure or kill soldiers of an intervening force, well trained and equipped with the latest technology. But what drives people to be David and take up a fight against Goliath, resisting international interveners either with violence or politically? The past years have seen a steep incline in the literature on local resistance to international interventions. Nonetheless, there is a stark gap in our understanding of what triggers such local resistance. Adopting a sociological approach to resistance, as a step in a social relationship, we conducted extensive field research in three countries with large international interventions – Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Kosovo – to investigate what drives local actors into resistance.